- Wind Energy. Wind has a long history of providing power for boats and ships as well as powering water pumps, grist mills, and even powering factories. The use of wind turbines to produce electricity was common in the early 20th century, and use for this purpose was common until the 1940s, when hydro-electric, coal, petroleum products, and natural gas pretty much replaced wind, with renewed interest since global warming has become a concern. Wind-mill powered water pumps are seeing renewed interest in rural areas. The UK is one of the world’s best areas for wind power production. Over 5% of the electrical power production in the UK is from wind power, with more production in planning stages.
- Nuclear Energy. The nuclear energy sector has seen renewed interest as an alternative energy source, but remains controversial Many of the concerns about nuclear energy are well-founded, but much of the controversy is also irrational, especially when compared to coal. Coal burning power plants produce guaranteed radioactive pollution, and the total is usually about 1000 times as much as a similar size nuclear power plant. In the case of a nuclear disaster such as Chernobyl, the nuclear power plant is worse. The Japanese disaster is probably worse, but not when compared to total world-wide radioactive pollution from coal. Job opportunities in the nuclear energy sector require specialized education at all levels, even for the assignment writers australia. About 20% of the electric power in the UK is currently produced by 9 nuclear power plants, and new plants are in the planning stage. Existing plants may need upgrading to extend their operational life.
- Tidal and Hydroelectric Power. Hydroelectric and tidal power both use flowing water and turbines to produce electrical power. Both can only work in very limited locations. Hydroelectric power production accounts for about 2% of the power production in the UK. Employment opportunities are steady but limited. Considerable future hydroelectric power development in the UK is possible but limited by environmental concerns due to the type of areas that could be used for new power sites. Improvements in the existing system offers a great deal of promise for future work.
- Biofuel. Biofuels are fuels produced from or by biological sources. There are a wide range of products and processes that fall into this category.
- Geothermal. There is a limited amount of geothermal production and development in the UK. There are a few areas with limited geothermal power capacity in the UK, but heat pumps can be installed to use ground heat in the winter. During the summer, the ground can be used as a heat sink, storing heat for the winter in the ground. Most of this work is done by heat and air contractors.
Alternative Energy Jobs in the UK are numerous, and most require some amount of special training. Special training programs exist, degree programs abound, and many professionals can acquire special certification. Jobs in the alternative energy sector can be both financially and personally rewarding.